Oesophageal Diseases

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is the most common tumor of esophagus Risk factors are More common in male Alcohol Smoking Gastroesophageal reflux and Barrett’s esophagus Obesity Symptoms

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Achalasia

Achalasia is motor disorder of esophagus characterized by impaired relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter Symptoms of achalasia are Dysphagia Odynophagia Chest pain Weight loss Aspiration

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Esophageal Webs

Esophageal webs are membranes in the esophageal lumen, and are mostly seen in upper esophagus. Symptoms Webs may be asymptomatic or may lead to dysphagia

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Esophageal Stricture

Esophageal stricture are narrowing of esophageal lumen resulting in dysphagia Causes of esophageal stricture are: Ingestion of acid or alkali Post surgery Gastroesophageal reflux disease

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Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) is defined as an abnormal oesophageal acid exposure as a consequence of failure of the normal antireflux barrier of the lower esophageal

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