Tumors can form anywhere inside your body and this can result in an abnormal tissue growth. The cells start growing in an orderly form and only a set amount of cells are present. There is an excess of cells in case of benign tumors. Stomach cancer starts when an excess of cells starts to form in the inner lining of your stomach and those only cells develops into a tumor.
Some risk factors that can cause Gastric Tumors are as:
- Overweight or obese, smoking
- Stomach surgery for an ulcer
- A diet high in smoked, salted food, and pickled food
- Type-A blood, genetic causes
- Exposure to asbestos
- Chronic H.pylori infection inside the stomach
- Autoimmune gastritis
- Long-term medication such as proton pump inhibitors
While small tumors do not give rise to any symptom but large and ulcerated tumors are symptomatic. Some serious signs that you might observe when your stomach tumors grow are as:
- Blood in stools, stomach pain
- Trouble swallowing, heartburn
- Feeling tired or weakness
- Yellowish eyes or skin
- Constipation or diarrhea, vomiting
- Swelling inside the stomach
- Weight loss for no reason
Signs of ulcerated tumors are an as abdominal pain mainly at epigastrium, bleeding ulcers, and anemia due to blood loss for the longer period of time. Signs of large tumors are as nausea of different intensity, bloated feeling, early satisfaction, weight loss, and vomiting.
Benign tumors are largely asymptomatic and remain undiagnosed for a long period of times. For some stomach polyps, there can be darkening of mouth. Your doctor will start physical examination and some tests would be suggested:
Upper endoscopy: Your doctor will place a long tube with a camera inside your throat and will check your stomach.
Blood tests: Those tests are done to check whether there are any signs of cancer or tumors.
CT scan: Powerful X-ray is done to check the inside of your stomach.
Biopsy: Small piece of tissue of your stomach is taken and is checked under a microscope for checking any cancer cells.
Upper GI series test: One has to start drinking chalking liquid known as barium and this coats your stomach and so it is visible on X-ray.
Surgery is the treatment to remove your stomach tumors. However, some may be cured with medications prior to surgery. Apart from this radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy are some of the other methods. Malignant tumors are cured with surgery or chemotherapy. Surgery is also helpful in accessing the type and kind of tumor. The most common method is the TNM system. T means tumor and governs the size of the tumor. N depicts the spread of cancer to lymph nodes. M stands for metastasis. Surgery is meant to remove tumors for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes.
Diagnostic tumor removal: After taking a sample of tissue, it is analyzed to check abnormalities. Different types of biopsies are done such as needle biopsy, aspiration biopsy, excisional biopsy, and incisional biopsy.
Therapeutic tumor removal: If surgical removal is finalized then an oncologist will remove your whole tumor. The tumor is removed to ease the patient’s pain and other signs associated with this problem. Most tumors do not have a tendency to grow malignant. If the underlying cause is not correctly treated, then the recurrence rate is lowest. Some tumors that are likely to grow cancerous should be managed appropriately post-surgery. In such cases, there should be regular monitoring along with endoscopic investigation.